New paper published in Buildings and Environment – LoLo Student Francesco Babich

New paper published in Buildings and Environment – LoLo Student Francesco Babich
7th August 2017 Karen Holmes

A new paper, Transient three-dimensional CFD modelling of ceiling fans by LoLo student Francesco Babich ,  LoLo Supervisor Malcolm Cook , LoLo Deputy Director Dennis Loveday  and Rajan Rawal and Yash Shuka from CEPT University, Ahmedabad, India, is being published in Building and Environment.

The abstract is as follows:


Ceiling fans have been used for decades as a means of providing thermal comfort in tropical countries such as India. However, recent years have witnessed a significant increase in the use of air conditioning as a means to achieve comfort, and therefore in the total energy consumption and related CO2 emissions. Ceiling fans are still viable options to limit use of air conditioners or in combination with air conditioners without compromising on thermal comfort and still achieving energy savings. Ceiling fans generate non-uniform velocity profiles, and therefore relatively non-uniform thermal environments, whose characteristics may be tough to analyse with simple modelling methods. This issue can be investigated using CFD. However, to date, there are few works on ceiling fans, CFD and thermal comfort. More accurate models are therefore required to predict their performance. The research presented in this paper aimed to develop and validate a three-dimensional transient implicit CFD model of a typical ceiling fan available in India by comparing simulation results obtained using different URANS turbulence models with measured data collected in controlled environment. The results highlight that this ceiling fan model is able to replicate the predominant characteristics of the air flow generated by the fan such as the meandering plume and the local fine free shear layers. The best results are achieved when the SST k-ω turbulence model is used, with 83% of the simulated values being within the error bars of the respective measured value.


Ceiling fan
Thermal comfort
CFD validation
Turbulence modelling
Environmental chamber

Link to Building and Environment issue 123